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北木教育 > 雅思 > 雅思文章 > 中国考生雅思写作都在5.5上下波动,问题到底出在哪?

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中国考生雅思写作都在5.5上下波动,问题到底出在哪?

最准平特一肖一码

发布时间:2019-09-04

很多考生参加雅思考试,在写作这一项中往往不能考出一个好成绩,那么这个究竟是什么原因呢?这一次我们就来听听石家庄朗阁教育讲师是如何说的吧,看看他们在这个上面有什么想法,相信可以帮助到您的,你还在等什么呢?小伙伴们!

中国大陆考生2012年雅思学术类写作平均分是5.16,2016年上升了0.08至5.24。2017年大陆考生雅思写作平均分上升至5.37,高分是德国的6.60。中国考生从初中生甚至到本科生,写作都在5.5上下波动。问题到底出在哪?方向错了!


评 分 标 准


对于雅思写作四项评分标准很模糊的考生不在少数,这些考生带着高中甚至大学四六级的作文思路去考试,导致低分。有趣的是,个别BC的阅卷老师也会偶尔出现误差,这几年我有2位学生雅思写作复议成功,提高1分;有很多写作复议提高0.5分。


我们来看下大作文四项评分标准的解读:


(一)task achievement

(回答问题程度)

有很多考生连题目都没好好审,例如:

Some people think that the best way to reduce time spent in travelling to work is to replace parks and gardens close to the city center with apartment buildings for commuters, but others disagree. Discuss both views and give your opinion. (2019年4月6日)

跑题:为减少通勤时间,城中心附近应建更多公寓;

跑题:为减少通勤时间,应把城中心附近的公园花园改成公寓;

跑题:为减少通勤时间,把城中心附近的公园和花园改成公寓是很好的办法。


(二)coherence and cohesion

(观点组织)

语言的组织需要合适的连接词,但是用的过多,也会扣分,比如:中间段每段都使用First, Second, Last but not least;To begin with, Moreover, Furthermore。这些词不能展示考生能灵活使用语言。当然,7。0分以下可以接受这样的连词堆砌。


其次,句间新旧信息衔接也是连贯的重要方面,学生难以体会。*[ *另推文详解。]


(三)lexical resource

(词汇)

词汇必须字字高端。good,bad,important,I think等这些表达太低端了。来看这段:


In conclusion, I think this is a very good idea, and I hope this programme will be put into action for high schools/colleges shortly.*[ *Cambridge English IELTS 9 P165]


这是Band 8的结尾段,也并没有都动用大词,因为考官考察的是“topic vocabulary/phrases”,就是话题词组。雅思写作可以分为旅游,环境,犯罪,科技,教育,家庭,健康,文化,就业,政府等常考话题,使表达更加地道,而不是万能模板。看下面段落*[ *选自一大三学生第一次大作文作业。]:



雅思大作文一共才13句话左右,这篇居然有12处是这位学生背的别处机构老师给的模版,之前学生考过2次,都只有写作单科未达到要求。类似这样的万能模版杀伤力太大!


(四)grammatical range and accuracy

(句式丰富;语法准确)

同样,语法必须高级!虚拟,倒装,强调句,从句套从句,逐一展示给考官。请看:


As a consequence, one of the most indispensable occurrence to the modern human beings which can help them escape from the oppression and anxiety, both of which are caused by their busy daily life, is having a rest during the holiday, which does not manifest that the culture behind them would be forgotten. Only when they still keep the customs and traditions at the same time can they enjoy their relaxing holidays showing the importance of festival to them.*[ *选自一大三学生第二次大作文作业。]


曾经考官吐槽过中国学生雅思写作晦涩难懂的句子,分数很低,因为道理很简单-“difficlut to understand”!考官曾给出的建议是:每个句子最好不要超过30个单词;长短句结合。


逻 辑


(一)Slippery slope

Children playing online games may learn to kill and fight, which causes more violence in real life like robbery, fighting and killing. As a result, the society will become a place in which individual safety is threatened and national security is put in danger.*[ *选自一高三学生大作文作业。]


(二)Appeal to authority

As the influential Chinese philosopher Confucius said, it does not matter how slowly you go as long as you do not stop. So hard work is important for personal success.*[ *选自学生作业。]



中 式 英 语


(一)redundancy

1.A variety of measures should be taken to increase living standards of people in poor areas.

2。The solutions to environmental problems can be found only through individual and government effort。*[ *ibid。]

3。Parents should provide guidance to children who may be easy to be affected by negative social impacts like gabling and drug abuse。*[ *ibid。]


(二)unnatural

1。Due to poverty, children will walk on the road of crime。*[ *ibid。]

2。If myriad of young children have access to do somethings that are within their capacities, there is no doubt that it will save a large amount of money which are planned to use in these areas, which means those budgets can be responsible for other fields, for instance, education, medical and technology。*[ *选自一研究生学生第一次作业。]


现将雅思写作大小作文4评分标准对词汇语法的要求总结如下:


因此,词句要丰富,而不是字字大词;要地道准确,而不是中文直译。针对Chinglish表达及逻辑,中国考生需要输入一定量地道的英文表达(可按雅思写作话题积累),改掉中式逻辑错误(专业老师指导)。按照四项评分标准逐项提高,就能取得高分。

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